“13 DAYS OF GLORY”
The Siege of the Alamo
Santa Anna troops move into San Antonio. Colonel Travis and
garrison move into Alamo. Two scouts (Sutherland and Smith)
are sent to Gonzales with appeal for assistance. Santa Anna
demands for surrender. Travis answers with a 18-pounder
Bowie, ill, turns full command over to Travis. Mexican
batteries begin bombardment of Alamo. Travis writes his "To
The People of Texas & all Americans in the world"
bombardment continues. Mexican batteries are planted across
the river about 300 yards from Alamo. Travis sends an appeal
to Sam Houston. ("Give me help, oh my Country").
Texans make a
raid on La Villita, burning several homes which have
afforded the Mexican cover.
continues. Cold winds from the north bring temperature down to
Travis sends Bonham to seek help from Colonel Fannin in
little food for garrison. New Mexican battery placed about 800
yards to north. Santa Anna's tactics of harassment having
effect on Alamo defenders.
improves to 55 degrees. Santa Anna moves his troops closer.
men arrive from Gonzales to reinforce The Alamo.
held in Washington-on-the-Brazos declares Texas an Independent
Unaware men in Alamo remain under heavy Mexican bombardment.
returns on his attempt to secure reinforcements. Bombardment
Travis sends out his last known letters.
advance their batteries about 200 yards of the Alamo's north
wall. General Santa Anna holds a council of war and lays out
his plans for taking The Alamo by storm.
Travis assembles men in plaza of Alamo and tells them there is
no hope of help.
He draws line on ground with sword to be crossed by all who
will stand and fight.
All cross line but Moses Rose, who escapes over the wall.
Day 13! At
1:00 am Mexican troops (1,400 men) move towards positions. At
5:00 am Santa Anna gives signal : Mexican bugler sounds Deguello,
four columns of the Mexican army advance on Alamo.
Texans repulse twice the invaders with desperate, intense
fighting. Heavy Mexican casualties (nearly 600 killed or
Battle rages through The Alamo.
6:30 am : Last firing over. The Alamo has fallen...
In the words of General Vincente Filisola, "... by
grapeshot, musketshot and the bayonet, they were all killed at
The Alamo !
Days Of Glory” Copyright © 1998 Education Service Center,
Region 20 (ESC-20). All rights reserved.
This material is used for educational purposes only. Education
Service Center, Region 20, 1314 Hines Avenue, San Antonio, TX